Leonardo Carvajal
    Carvajal, Leonardo

    Georgetown University  Estados Unidos


    Ph.D. student in the Hispanic Linguistics program at Georgetown University. Currently, he is writing his thesis on vowel quality and attitudes towards oral production in Kichwa-Spanish bilingual speakers in Salasaca, Ambato. His research areas include Ecuadorian socio-phonetics, language attitudes, bilingualism in Kichwa communities, heritage speakers in these communities, as well as language attitudes in Ecuadorian communities abroad.



    Attitudes towards Ecuadorian Spanish in the USA


    While numerous investigations focus on linguistic attitudes within prevailing Spanish-speaking communities in the United States (Alfaraz, 2018; Callesano & Carter, 2019), few explore the situation of minority Spanish-speaking communities (Hermosillo, 2018; Potowski & Matts, 2008; Zentella, 1990). This research investigates the process of identity and negotiation among Ecuadorians living in the United States, specifically in Denver, Colorado, and St. Louis, Missouri, where they constitute a minority group and engage more with Spanish speakers of other dialects than with their own compatriots. Our findings show a restricted exposure of the Ecuadorian dialect variant. Participants state that upon initial encounters with fellow Spanish speakers, those individuals frequently assume they are from Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Argentina, Chile, or another unspecified country. Nevertheless, a majority of respondents do not feel excluded in their mixed-origin Spanish-speaking communities. Above all, participants distinguish themselves from the majority population (particularly Mexican) with certain pride, asserting their dialectal and national identity.